Very often known as the cultural capital of Gujarat, Vadodara may not have had a colorful history like Calcutta of Bombay of seen the great empire builders like Delhi. But then, unlike these cities, its history begins somewhere in the mid-pleistocene period. There are evidences of the existence of the early man of old stone age at the Mahi River valley at a number of sites within 10 to 20 kms. To the North-East of the present Vadodara
Around the beginning of the Christian Era, a small township seems to have developed on the right bank of the river Vishwamitri. It came to be known as Ankotakka (present day Akota). The township of Ankotakka developed during the rule of the Guptas and Vallabhis. But a severe flood in 600 A.D. forced the inhabitants to abandon the township and move away to the East of Ankotakka. This formed the nucleus of a new township name Vadpadraka possibly due to the profuse presence of banyan tress which are comparatively many even today. The development of Vadodara was rapid from 11th century A.D. to 14th Century A.D. in 1500 A.D. when Vadodara was given as Jagir by Muhamad Begda, the then Sultan of Gujarat, to his son prince Khail Khan, he built the modern fort of Vadodara. The fort was strong and well built and hence considering the safety aspect, the inhabitants of nearby villages came and settled here. Several lakes were then constructed. Within the next two centuries, the area adjacent to the fort also became inhabited. Vadodara has later inhabited during the Maratha period as indicated by the coins and pottery.
AREA : 159.95 sq.kms. (Approx.)
POPULATION : 16,66,495
ALTITUDE : 35.5 meters above sea level
LANGUAGE : Vadodara is cosmopolitan city in Gujarati speaking area. Beside Marathi, Hindi, Urdu, Sindhi
CLIMATE : Summer Max. 40.4oC. Min. 20.4oC. Winter Max. 33.1oC Min. 9.8oC. Rainfall 931 mm. (Mid. June to Sept.)
RAIL : Vadodara is on the Western Railway Mumbai Delhi and Mumbai Ahmedabad line. It is 100 kms. from Ahmedabad, its narrowguage line operates from Pratapnagar Railway Station and Vishwamitri Railway Station.
ROAD : Vadodara is connected by road on National Highway No. 8 with all the major cities of India. It is 436 kms. from Mumbai and 956 kms. from Delhi.